絹ƿ´
׳ᤡҡݤ⡺衻Ū ߴ ο ϰ
ִ ħ ٰ ϰ ִ٣򼡻162157-162, 2003, 12

ҡݤ⡺衻Ū

ߴ ο ϰ ִ ħ ٰ ϰ ִ.
The "Lingshu" originated in the "Zhenjing" owned by the Koryo Government

׳  ᤣʣϼϼᶣ
MAYANAGI Makoto (Ibaraki University, Oriental Medicine Research Center of the Kitasato Institute)




  ǰ ִ¡Үҡ ҡ ̸ 衻̶ [1][2]. 衻 ߱ 1濡 ڷḦ ̶ [3]. ׷ҡ ̸ Үϡ ݡ ּ762⣩ ο ó [4]. 220濡 须[5], 280濡 须[6], 656⿡须[7], 875-891濡[8], 945 1060⿡ , 񼡻[9][10] , 1068⿡ǡ[11] å ̿ ־ ̵ պ ּ οѡҡʹ ̶ 1068 񼿡 ִ.[12]. 1223-96 ԤȤ 1 , 1 Ѩ[13] ϰ ־ 13 Ĺݿ ٸ ̿ ȴ. ҡ¡ꫡ 1 ϰ , ϰ ִ¡ҡ ƴѡ衻 ġѴ.

  ǡҡ24 1155⿡ ޾ Ͽ[14], Ŀ θ ˷. ԤŤ ϰ ִ ҡ ٽ Ѵ.Ԥͤ Ͽ պ οѡҡ  ִ ˼ ִ ü ʾҴ.

  11⿡ Ʒ ̡衻 ִ. ΰ  䱸 ȡ10 1091618 Ͽ ִ.[15]. 䱸 ߿ 须 须 ִ. û Ͽ 109211须 ϼο  ư[16][17], 1093⣱23Ͽ ϼ Ǿ.[18][19][20].

  ̷ Ͽ ǰؼ ҡ 衻 Ǿٰ ϴ . ׷衻 ϼۿ ٽ å ʴ´. ׷ 衻 ϼۿ Ǿ ο ϼ۰衻, ׸ ҡ 赵 Ȯ ʾ ִ ̴.[21][22][23][24][25].

  ׷ 1093⿡衻 簨 Ǿٰ Ѵٸ װ ϼ 濡 . Ŀ ݳ ׸ ɵǾ. ׷ ȴ õϿ Ǿ ۽ô 1155⿡ ̡ҡ Ͽ. ׷ ۰ ִ Ǵ ٸ ϼۿ Ǿٰ ϴ¡衻 Ǿ 𸥴. ׷ ݰ ,衻 ο빮 ټ ߰ߵǾ硺衻ҡ ǹ Ȯ ϴ ο ־.
 



  信¡衻 ִ Ͽ.

ҡ٥ ٣䫰 Ǻ[14]

 ߿٥塻 Micro ʸ[26]

 ߿塻˰ν Ǻ(1835[27]

 ࡺ٥۰˰1740 κ [28]

 ꯡҮ߿ܩ塻⣨1508 ϵ Ǻ ũ ʸ[29]

 ꯡޡ塻߾.

 ꯡյ ߾

 ͯ򱡻 ߾.

 ꯡ۰٥ κ[30]
 

3-1 ߿٥塻߿塻 ο빮

  ݳ ǡѸС ٥⡻ 1142, ߿塻( )1144⿡ Ǿ.[31] 衻 ο ׸ ڿ 8 , ڿ 30 ־. 衻 ο빮 ǡҡ 踦  ǥ1 Ѵ. ǥ ο빮 ) : ͯ ǹѴ.

  ׸ (a) (b) ǥϿ  1-1a-1̸ ο빮 ٳ鰡  1, , ) : , 忡 Ѵ.

  ° ִ ǥѴ. ѡ衻ο빮 ǡҡ £ Ѵ. ϰ , , Ÿ. ܡ٥⡻ 2-4b-44-18a-4 1-10a-103-15a-9 衻 ǡҡ ߰ .

  ̻ ̡٥⡻ 衻 ο빮 ǡҡ81 18 ϰ ִ. ҡ 13, ٸ 18,  ٸ ǹ̰ 3, ߰ ̣ . ֿ ο 衻ҡ ϴ .

  ٥⡻¡ ο ƴ϶ ٸ衻 οϰ , ס衻 ǡҡ ٴ ִ.

3-2 Ǽ ο빮

衻 ο빮 ִ ݿ Ǽ ؼ ǡҡ 踦 Ͽ. ǡ٥塻 ٥ 1173[32], Ү߿ܩ塻 ܩ㡻 1247[33], ޡ塻 1249[33], յ յ 1251[33], ͯ 򱡻 1248[34]̴. 5 ߿ 16ǡ衻ο빮 ߰ߵǾ. ̷ ο빮 ǡҡ 踦  ǥ2 Ÿ´. ѡ٥ 2-8a-4,ܩ㡻1-2a-4,3-6a-2,ޡ֡1-8a-10 οǴ¡衻 ǡҡ ߰ .

  ̻ 12ο빮 ǡҡ ϰ 4, ٸ 7,  ٸ ǹ̰ 1. ׷  嵵ҡ ū ̰ . ҹ ָ οѡ衻ҡ ġ ǹ̰ . ̷ κ͵ ݿ뿡 衻 硺ҡ ߾ ִ.

3-3ͯ ۰ ο빮

  ̵ 좷 ¡Ǿ Ŀ 좰 Ǿ, ̵ å Ͽ, ̿ ̵ Ĵ뿡 θ ˷ Ǿ. ״ 1266⿡ ۰ Ͽ. [33]. ¡𨣩衻 οϰ ƴ϶ ׸  å  ο и ϰ ִ. ׷ ׷

  ο빮 Ǿ ִ¡衻 ٣ ǡҡ ¸ ǥ3 Ͽ. ǥ ο빮 ٳ鰡 κȿ桻 133Page 8࿡ 133-8̶ ǥϿ ο빮 ڴ ()ȿ Ͽ.

  ǥ3۰ ο ǡ衻̰ Ǹ 19 ϰ հ99 81 Ǿ ־ٴ ִ. ҡ 24 81 ϰ ִ. ׷ ϰ ġϰ ִ. 嵵 ġϰ ִ. , ۰ οȡ衻 ¥ Ǿٴ ҡ ũ ̰ ִ.
 

ü

  ̻ ݿ Ǽ¡衻 ο빮 ټ ߰ ־. ̵ ֿ ִ¡衻ҡ ο빮 ϰ ʱ ٸ衻 ο ȴ. ݿ Ǽ ִ¡衻 ο빮 ǡҡ Ȯ ġѴ. ݿ뿡 ߴ 衻 ǡҡ ٴ ִ. ̡۰ οϰ ִ 衻 ¥ Ǿִٴ 24 ǡҡ ġϰ ִ. ̷  ǹϰ ִ ϱ? ⼭ ̻ κ ־衻סҡ 縦 ǥ4 Ҵ.

  ǥ ۿ ҡ24 Ŀ ݳ 󿡼 衻飩 Ǿ. ݳ󿡼 ڱ DZ Ͽ Ŀ 󶧱 Ǿ.  ݳ󿡼 ʷΡ衻 ̿ ٸ å οϿ ϼ ô뿡 Ǿ ϰ ִ[35]. ñ ѡ衻 ϼ ΰ ߴٰ 1093κ 50 ̸ ̡ҡ ó 1155⺸ ̴.

  ׷ ǡ衻 ϼۿ , ׸ װ ̿ϰ ־ٴ Ȯ ̴. , ̵ ͯ ̡衻 ̿ ñ 1093 ̹ 150 ̴. ׷ ̵ ȯ ߿ ̶ ־ ׵ ȣ谡 Ϳ. ȣ ϴ Ḧ , ݳ 弭[36] Ѵٸ ̵ ڵ ϼۿ ǡ衻 Ͽٴ ̻ . ̵ ڵ ѡ衻 ݡҡ ġϰ ִٴ ְ Ѵ. ϼۿ ѡ衻 Ͽҡ Ͽ. ׸衻 ҡ պ ο ҡ Ͽ. ׸, 24 ϼ ο ѡҹ24 Ͽ. ̷ ϸ տ ѡ Ԥä衻 1 , ҡ 1 Ѩ[13] ϰ 1223-96 , 13 Ĺݿ ٸ ٴ Ϳ ǹ Ǯ.

  ϴ¡衻̶  ⺻ ϴ ϼۿ ̰,ҡ պ ο ̿. ׷Ƿ ϼǡ衻 ⺻ ϴ ǡҡ¡ħ̿ 1̰, ѡҡ ƴѡ衻 ġϰ ִ ̴.
 

  1092⿡ ΰ ϼ ο ѡ衻 1093⿡ ϼۿ Ǿ ݿ ̿ǰ ־.  ϼǡ衻ҡ24 Ͽ 1155⿡  Ͽ ߱ Ǹ鼭 ǡҡ Ǿ ϼǡ衻 Ǿ.

  ̻ ݡҡ ϰ Ž ö󰣴ٴ ȮǾ.
 

[1]Ѻʡš143ȡ䣬1933

[2]˪ѡš10쫻󫿣1974

[3]ף̱ߣ)Ү塻31䣬1985

[4]߾̩[1]141

[5]ء߿ܻ߿塻28ȡ1988

[6]߲͡ݻ϶ˣ϶ˣ衻2ȡ䣬1982

[7]1042ȡѣ1973

[8]ᦡ̸⡻81ȡ٣壬1996

[9]ױ2047ȡѣ1975

[10]ϱ1565ȡѣ1975

[11]񼡹Ү22ءϼᶣ1979

[12]ݡ񼡹߾̩[11]5

[13]1239ؽѣ1954

[14]Үҡ211ȡթ壬1992

[15]ȡ150ȡ壬1908

[16]ԧ4824ͣѣ1983

[17]ȡ14048ȡѣ1977

[18]߾̩[17]335

[19]˰塺׾꽡397߾߾ͯ䣬1981

[20]߾̩[13]1246

[21]ʩมͷܩ625-632ѣ1974

[22]ʪ˪Īơá48164-1811996

[23]ȡҡ٣Үϼ9-14ȡ䣬1997

[24]ڡΡҡ׵ߣá234Ѣ210-2161999

[25]ȡةҡ٤٣š򼡻2000Ҵ26-292000

[26] ؽʫν˪룮

[27]ǡ׳ᤡʾ16⥣ȡ󫿫׫髤1992

[28] ǡ׳ᤡʾ2⥣ȣ󫿫׫髤1988

[29] ءνҮͷ˪룮

[30] ꯡ۰߾߾Ρ䣬1984

[31]׳ᤡ߿٥塤߿٣۰𹡹ʾ歔2ȡ󫿫׫髤1988

[32]׳ᤡѦܻҡ٥𹡹ʾ28ȡ󫿫׫髤1988

[33]׳ᤡҮ߿ܩ塤ޡ塤յ𹡹ʾ622-36ȡ󫿫׫髤1989

[34]׳ᤡ𹡹ʾ637-44ȡ󫿫׫髤1989

[35]׳ᤡǡ۪1ʡ103101-1071989

[36]ؿ٣ʫԡ23ȡ䣬1986