The Japan Academy of Midwifery (JAM)
The mission of JAM is to advance the science
of midwifery in order to raise the
standard of health care provided by the professional midwife to mothers, babies
and the family, and women in every stage of life and to contribute to the
welfare of human beings by joining in international cooperation with midwives
all over the world.
improve the quality of midwifery practice worldwide through affiliation with an
international organization of midwives and promotion of the international
exchange between midwives
establish the standards of midwifery practice that function as the guidelines
and to provide just and appropriate health care to all women
deal with fundamental issues concerning conception and childbearing and to
participate in the government’s policy-making together with women so that no
women shall be harmed by conception and childbearing
establish ethical standards for midwives and the role of midwives
develop midwifery science by promoting research on midwifery theory,
methodology, assessment and such
The Japan Society
of Midwifery Education (JSME), having studied issues concerning midwifery
education, including the improvement of facilities, an increase in the number of
teaching staff and the curriculum, concluded that the improvement of midwifery
education requires the establishment of midwifery science and urged the need to
set up JAM.
Another strong reason for the setting-up of
JAM is the fact that the Japanese
Nursing Association approved at its 1984 general meeting a proposal to
unify licenses of nurses and midwives despite opposition from midwives. A growing sense of crisis for the status of
midwives facilitated the foundation of JAM.
Given highly advanced medical and
diversifying care issues concerning maternity and child health, there was strong
consensus about the need for developing and clarifying the role and
responsibility of midwives and setting up the place for the professional midwife
to exchange views about midwifery in order to provide quality care.
In May 1985 all the members of the
Curriculum Section of the JSME promoted JAM with the approval of the JSME
general meeting. The Education System
Section drew up a prospectus and a draft of the JAM Constitution.
With an inaugural general meeting and the
first JAM scientific meeting scheduled for May 1986, the preparation for the
establishment of JAM was pushed forward with the approval of two existing
organizations, the Japanese Midwives Association, Inc. and the Japanese
Association for the Education and Study of Midwifery.
On March 15, 1987, with an unexpectedly
large number of 467 participants, a successful first general meeting being held
Prefectural Working Center,
JAM was inaugurated.
There are two types of membership: regular
and special. Obtaining membership
requires admission by the Board of Management of JAM.
＊Regular member: a person who is engaged in practice, research and
education of midwifery.
＊Special member: a person who is interested in midwifery and engaged
in practice, research and education of health sciences and other fields relating
＊JAM membership (as of January 2000): 1074 regular members, 11 special
members and 33 organizations that subscribe to the JAM journal.
Registration with the
Science Council of Japan
JAM is an officially recognized research
organization registered with the Science Council of Japan as of 1993.
1. Holds a scientific meeting once every year in March for members and
2. Holds a scientific lecture meeting once a year for members and
3. Holds a workshop once a year for members.
4. Promotes and commissions midwifery
research: provides research-aid grant according to JAM regulations.
1. Affiliation with the International Confederation of Midwives (ICM):
JAM was admitted to the ICM on May 5, 1989.
JAM sends delegates to an ICM council meeting held at the time of an ICM
congress and to an Asia-pacific region meeting to participate in debate on the
management and activities of the ICM and the election of officials. An ICM member can participate in an ICM
scientific meeting held at the time of the congress or region meeting and can
apply for the presentation of research.
2. Support of international funds: JAM raises contributions from its
members for the Safe Motherhood Fund (fund for midwifery education in developing
counties) and Sponsor-a-Midwife Fund (fund for sending non-member midwives in
developing countries to the ICM congress).
3. Activities concerning the International Day of Midwives: May 5 was
designated as the Day of Midwives in 1991.
JAM prepares posters and promotion leaflets for the Day together with the
Japanese Midwives Association and the Japanese Nursing Association and
distributes to persons and parties concerned, organizations that hold special
events, and educational facilities for midwives.
issues a journal three times a year distributing to members. The journal is registered at the National
Diet Library (International Standard Serial Number: 0917-6357). A record of the scientific meetings is
distributed to the participants and member organizations exclusively. JAM prompts subscriptions of its journal at
libraries of educational facilities of midwives.
＊Back numbers are available from the following year of
＊The booklet, “Practical Skills and Responsibilities Japanese Midwives
Should Have” is distributed at 200 yen.
publishes and distributes newsletter three times a year to its members. The
newsletter is distributed free of charge to educational organizations and
libraries that subscribe to the JAM journal.
Officials: 12 board members, 2 auditors, 37
council members, 2 secretaries and several committee members
Committees: Executive, General Affairs,
Financial Affairs, Constitution, Public Relations, Publications, International
Affairs, Scientific Meeting, Scientific Research Promotion and Education
The headquarters of JAM is open on Friday to Monday, 10:00 a.m.
through 6:00 p.m.
Eligibility for membership
agree with JAM aims, the purpose of the foundation and the Constitution,
and be able to participate in the
have research experience of two years or more and present at least one research
paper on midwifery.
1. Participation at JAM scientific meetings and presentation of
2. Participation at meetings organized by JAM Scientific Research
3. Receiving JAM journal and newsletter
4. Contributing to JAM journal
5. Membership of ICM
Japan Academy of Midwifery Secretariate
4F, Union Building 2nd., 1-24-1 sugamo,