Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery Vol46,No4

Popliteal Artery Adventitia Cyst

Shohei Yoshida* Shinichi Hiromatsu* Kentaro Sawada**
Takahiro Shojima* Ryo Kanamoto* Shinichi Imai*
Hiroyuki Otsuka* Hiroyuki Tanaka*

(Department of Surgery, Kurume University School of Medicine*, Kurume, Japan, and Fukuokaken Saiseikai Futsukaichi Hospital**, Fukuoka, Japan)

A 60 year old man presented with a history of right leg claudication which occurred after walking a distance of 200m. He had no history of cardiovascular risk factors or trauma in the lower extremities. Palpation disclosed no right popliteal or pedal pulse. Ankle-brachial pressure index(ABI)was 0.60 on the affected side. Computed tomography(CT)demonstrated the presence of a highly stenotic lesion in the right popliteal artery due to compression from periarterial polycystic masses. Magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)revealed no communication to the knee joint bursa. Further, angiography showed a beak-like severe stenosis on the knee of the right popliteal artery. Based on the results of these three imaging techniques we confirmed the diagnosis of cystic adventitial disease(CAD). The patient underwent a surgical exploration of his popliteal artery through a posterior approach. Evacuation of all cysts by longitudinal incision of his adventitia yielded yellow mucoid gelatinous material. The popliteal artery was replaced using the great saphenous vein because the previous imaging showed thrombus formation at the cyst site. He had an uneventful postoperative recovery with ABI of 1.10.


Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 46:182-185(2017)

Keywords:cystic adventitial disease;claudication

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