Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery Vol46,No2

An Adult Case of Acute Rheumatic Fever with Valve Destruction, Followed by Successful Valve Replacement

Kenichi Muramatsu Masaaki Watanabe Yukitoki Misawa
Hitoshi Yokoyama

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Aizu Central Hospital*, Aizu-Wakamatsu, Japan, and Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Fukushima Medical University**, Fukushima, Japan)

Thirty two years-old man with arthralgia in both hands was given with non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug and followed. The symptoms persisted, and hematuria and signs of infection were getting apparent. The patient was referred to our hospital with increasing dyspnea. The patient presented acute heart failure, acute renal insufficiency and respiratory failure. Echocardiography revealed vegetation and regurgitation in the aortic and mitral valve. Blood culture demonstrated α-Streptococcus. CT revealed enlargement of the aortic root. The patient was diagnosed with infectious endocarditis, and referred for surgery. At surgery, the aortic valve and mitral valve were severely destroyed. Aortic root and mitral valve replacement were performed. Pathological findings demonstrated valve destruction as a result of endocarditis due to active rheumatic fever. Clumps of bacteria were not noted around the valves. This is a rare adult case with valve destruction by acute rheumatic fever.


Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 46:79-83(2017)

Keywords:acute rheumatic fever;rheumatic endocarditis;valve replacement

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