Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery Vol46,No2

Modification of End-to-End Anastomosis for Long-Segment Coarctation of the Aorta

Mitsutaka Nakao Yoshihiro Ko Katsushi Kinouchi
Takayuki Abe Koji Nomura

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Saitama Children’s Medical Center*, Saitama, Japan)

Several problems have been reported following coarctectomy, especially in cases involving long-segment coarctation(COA). Although residual COA, proximal arch kinking, and airway compression may occur after coarctectomy, avoiding the use of artificial materials provides a better chance for the subsequent growth of the aorta. We successfully performed a modified end-to-end anastomosis with subclavian flap aortoplasty for a two-month-old boy with COA. A two-month-old boy was admitted to our hospital for nocturnal tachypnea and a feeding disorder. The initial echocardiography showed a preductal long COA beyond the left subclavian artery. A perimembranous VSD, a patent foramen ovale, and a patent ductus arteriosus were also noted. The left ventricular function was mildly depressed with an ejection fraction of 59%. Enhanced CT revealed a long-segment COA with a length of 15mm. The blood pressure gradient between the upper and lower limbs was 40mmHg. The operation was performed at the age of 2 months. The 4th intercostal space was opened through a posterolateral left thoracotomy incision. The distal end of the isthmus was so ligated as to maintain blood perfusion to the lower body through the PDA. The arch was clamped between the left carotid and the left subclavian artery(LSCA). The LSCA and the isthmus were divided as distally as possible, and the two distal ends were longitudinally incised and sutured to each other in a side-to-side fashion using a 7-0 polypropylene continuous suture. After complete resection of the ductal tissue, a newly created distal arch was anastomosed to the descending aorta. The left ventricular ejection fraction was increased to 74% at discharge. Catheterizations 3 years after the surgery did not reveal any stenosis or deformity in the aorta at normal PA pressure. The patient has been doing well and is free of complications 7 years after the surgery. At present, end-to-end anastomosis and aortic arch advancement with or without cardiopulmonary bypass are widely used procedures for coarctectomy;however, a modified end-to-end anastomosis is still a viable option for cases involving long-segment coarctation.

Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 46:66-69(2017)

Keywords:long-segment coarctation;coarctectomy;modified end-to-end anastomosis;subclavian flap aortoplasty;thoracotomy

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