Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery Vol46,No1

Above-Knee Femoropopliteal Arterial Bypass for Lower Limb Ischemia Associated with Bilateral Persistent Sciatic Arteries

Noriyuki Hatanaka Takashi Ueda Natsuya Ishikawa
Naohiro Shimada

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Sapporo Higashi Tokushukai Hospital*, Sapporo, Japan, and Department of Cardiac Surgery, Asahikawa Medical University**, Asahikawa, Japan)

Persistent sciatic artery(PSA)is a rare congenital vascular anomaly with an incidence ranging from 0.025 to 0.06% of the general population. We report a 65-year-old male patient with bilateral PSA suffering from intermittent right-calf claudication. Peripheral pulsations could be palpated well at the right common femoral artery but not at the right popliteal artery. His ankle brachial index(ABI)was 0.79 on the right and 0.99 on the left. Computed tomographic(CT)angiography demonstrated that the bilateral PSAs were branched from the internal iliac arteries and the right PSA was completely occluded, whereas aneurysmal change was not evident. Both superficial femoral arteries were incompletely developed. Blood flow to the peroneal artery, anterior and posterior tibial arteries were maintained in both lower legs via a network of collateral arteries. Arterial bypass from right common femoral artery to the above-knee popliteal artery using knitted Dacron graft was performed and postoperative ABI of the right lower limb improved to 1.06. Ten months after the intervention, the patient was then suffered from intermittent left-calf claudication caused by complete occlusion of left PSA, therefore, above-knee femoropopliteal arterial bypass using knitted Dacron graft was performed. PSA is often asymptomatic until a complication develops and the careful monitoring to prevent the risk of thromboembolic and aneurysmal events are recommended.

Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 46:54-56(2017)

Keywords:persistent sciatic artery;ASO;revascularization

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