Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery Vol43,No3

Bioprosthetic Valve Dysfunction due to Pannus after Tricuspid Valve Replacement

Seiji MatsukumaKiyoyuki EishiKoji Hashizume
Tsuneo AriyoshiShinichiro Taniguchi and Mizuki Sumi

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, Nagasaki, Japan)

Prosthetic valve dysfunction due to pannus formation is an infrequent but serious complication of tricuspid valve replacement. An 87-year-old woman underwent tricuspid valve re-replacement for severe prosthetic valve stenosis and regurgitation. On removal, thick fibrous pannus and chordal attachments were observed on the ventricular side of the cusp, which corresponded to the septal leaflet of the native valve. Microscopic examination revealed inflammatory cell infiltration accompanied with severe fibrosis and scarring had compromised and broken the prosthetic valve cusp under the pannus. The elastic fiber, which was detected in the base of the pannus, suggested it was a remnant of the native tricuspid valve leaflet. Prevention of native tissue attachment to the prosthetic valve cusp, which may cause severe pannus formation, appears to be extremely important for the long-term outcome and valve durability. The choice of prosthesis for the tricuspid position remains controversial. We should especially consider the height of stent posts and the continuity between the cusp and suture ring in the choice of the bioprosthetic valve for tricuspid position.

 

Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 43:97-100(2014)

Keywords:tricuspid valve replacement;prosthetic valve failure;pannus


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