Successful Repair of Critical Air Leakage after Surgery for a Large Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Fukuoka University School of Medicine, Fukuoka, Japan)

Hitoshi Matsumura Hideichi Wada Mitsuru Fujii
Masahiro Oosumi Gou Kuwahara Yuta Sukehiro
Noritoshi Minematsu Masaru Nishimi Tadashi Tashiro
A 76-year-old woman with a sudden onset of chest and back pain was admitted to our hospital. Computed tomography(CT)showed a giant thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm. Therefore, the patient underwent emergency operation. Under a left anterolateral thoracotomy and pararectal laparotomy with left heart bypass, we performed graft replacement of the thoracoabdominal aorta and reconstruction of the celiac artery, superior mesenteric artery and renal arteries. The left lung was tightly adhered to the aneurysm because of the contained rupture. Copious pulmonary bleeding and air leakage occurred due to thrombectomy of the aneurysm. During the operation, critical air leakage was repaired using the remaining aneurysmal wall. The postoperative course was uneventful. The patient was discharged 16 days after surgery. Copious air leakage due to lung injury was a potentially life-threating condition in the postoperative course of this case of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm. Surgical treatment of critical air leakage due to lung injury is very important in thoracic surgery.
  Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 42:434-437(2013)

Keywords:thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm, copious air leakage, graft replacement