Stanford Type A Acute Aortic Dissection with Left Extra-pleural Hematoma and Lung Hemorrhage

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Nihonkai General Hospital, Yamagata Prefectural and Sakata Municipal Organization, Sakata, Japan)

Yoshinori Kuroda Tetsuro Uchida Kazue Nakashima
Hideaki Uchino Takao Shimanuki
A 68-year-old woman with a sudden onset of back pain was brought to our hospital by ambulance. Computed tomography(CT)showed Stanford type A(DeBakey type II)acute aortic dissection, left hemothorax, and hematoma extending along the pulmonary artery;therefore, the patient underwent emergency operation. We performed a median sternotomy. Pericardial effusion was not observed;however, a hematoma was found around the ascending aorta. Preoperative CT showed left hemothorax, but pleural effusion was not observed in the left pleural cavity. The left hemothorax, which was detected on preoperative CT, was diagnosed as an extrapleural hematoma. The dissection entry site was located at the proximal aortic arch;therefore, ascending aorta-hemiarch replacement was performed. After weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass, the patient experienced sudden airway bleeding. The bleeding was attributed to the hematoma extending along the pulmonary artery. Here, we have reported a rare case of Stanford type A acute aortic dissection with the left extrapleural hematoma and lung hemorrhage.
  Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 41:132-134(2012)

Keywords:Stanford type A acute aortic dissection, extra-pleural hematoma, lung hemorrhage