Early Clinical Results of On-Pump Beating-Heart versus Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Tachikawa Medical Center, Nagaoka, Japan)

Tsutomu Sugimoto Kazuo Yamamoto Koki Takizawa
Takashi Wakabayashi Hiroki Satoh Satoshi Takahashi
Shinpei Yoshii
Emergency coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG)in patients with acute coronary syndrome(ACS)is still associated with high mortality and morbidity, and early outcome is poor compared with outcome in patients with stable angina. The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical results of on-pump beating heart CABG vs. off-pump coronary artery bypass(OPCAB)for ACS patients. From a total of 432 CABG patients, we retrospectively analyzed 72(16.7%)patients who underwent emergency CABG between 2004 and 2008. Emergency CABG cases were divided into 2 operative groups:an on-pump beating-heart CABG group(on, n=31)and an OPCAB group(off, n=41). A preoperative history of acute myocardial infarction(AMI), detection of troponin T, preoperative creatine phosphokinase(CPK)value, low ejection fraction, presence of mitral regurgitation(MR)(>II)and cardiomegaly were markedly higher in the on group. There were no statistically significant differences in intraoperative factors. In-hospital mortality was 3.2%(1 patient)in the on group and 7.3%(3 patients)in the off group. Furthermore, statistically significant differences were found between the 2 groups in incidence of all-cause morbidity (on=71.0%:off=41.5%, p=0.01), respiratory failure(on=58.1%:off=29.3%, p=0.01), ICU stay(on=6.5±4.6days:off=4.1±3.2days, p=0.01), and necessary inotropic support(on=51.6%:off=17.1%, p=0.02). Multivariate regression analysis of preoperative and intraoperative factors was performed to identify independent factors for in-hospital mortality and morbidity. On multivariate analysis of preoperative factors, only the pre-CPK value reached statistical significance as an independent factor for in-hospital mortality and morbidity.
  Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 40:43-47(2011)

Keywords:acute coronary syndrome, emergency operation, on-pump beating CABG, OPCAB