Left Ventricular Free Wall Rupture Followed by Papillary Muscle Rupture Combined with Acute Myocardial Infarction

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Hiroshima City Hospital, Hiroshima, Japan)

Junko Kobayashi Hideo Yoshida Hideyuki Kato
Toshihiko Suzuki Makoto Mohri Keiji Yunoki
Kunikazu Hisamochi Osamu Oba
We described a patient with free wall rupture followed by papillary muscle rupture due to acute myocardial infarction. A 69-year-old man was transferred complaining of transient unconsciousness. His clinical history, electrocardiogram, and chest CT showed myocardial infarction with free wall rupture indicated that several days had passed since the onset. Coronary angiography showed occlusion of the right coronary artery and severe stenosis of the left anterior descending artery. Since cardiac rupture was at inferior wall and hemorrhage wasn’t active, repair of the rupture using fibrin glue and fibrin sheet and coronary artery bypass grafting to the left anterior descending artery was performed without cardiopulmonary bypass. On the 10th postoperative day, his arterial oxygen saturation suddenly deteriorated. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed papillary muscle rupture and severe mitral regurgitation. Emergency mitral valve replacement was performed. After two emergency operations, he gradually recovered and were discharged to home. In three months after discharge, he was admitted again due to congestive heart failure with left ventricular aneurysm at inferior wall and recovered in response of conservative treatment. Surgical experience of double rupture is rare. Based on this case, it may be necessary to perform reperfusion therapy toward even this case of recent myocardial infarction, to prevent papillary muscle rupture. It also may be better to use a patch on free wall rupture to prevent cardiac aneurysm.
  Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 39:129-132(2010)

Keywords:acute myocardial infarction, left ventricular free wall rupture, papillary muscle rupture