Two Cases of Y-Grafting Using Terminal Branches of the Left Internal Thoracic Artery for Coronary Artery Bypass

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, JA Hiroshima General Hospital, Hatsukaichi, Japan)

Hirofumi Nakagawa Tatsuya Nakao and Norifumi Shigemoto
The excellent long term-patency rates achieved using the internal thoracic arteries (ITAs) have expanded the variety of graft arrangements of these conduits for multivessel coronary revascularization. We encountered 2 patients who underwent multivessel coronary artery bypass, by using these terminal branches of the left ITA effectively. In both patients, LITAs were taken down using the skeletonization technique with a harmonic scalpel. One patient had 2 grafts using the off-pump technique with the Y-composite grafts constructed by the main LITA trunk and LITA terminal branch, which were anastomosed with the left anterior descending branch (LAD) and diagonal branch (D1), respectively. The other patient had 6 grafts under on-pump cardiac arrest, including the natural LITA terminal branches which were anastomosed with the LAD and D1. Postoperative multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) revealed excellent long-term patent grafts in both patients. In conclusion, the terminal branches of the ITA, if of suitable size and length, could be used effectively to construct a Y-anastomosis for the coronary arteries, when consideration for the size of the target coronaries and native-coronary blood flow competition.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 37: 368-371 (2008)