Direct Implantation of the Left Coronary Artery to the Ascending Aorta in Bland-White-Garland Syndrome

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Clinical Research Institute, National Hospital Organization, Kyushu Medical Center, Fukuoka, Japan)

Masaki Tateishi Tohru Takaseya Takemi Kawara
Shigemitsu Suzuki Yasuhisa Oishi Hiromichi Sonoda
Shigeki Morita
We herein describe the findings of a 32-year-old female was known to have had an electrocardiogram abnormalities and had avoided excessive exercise since her high school student days. She suddenly lost consciousness due to ventricular fibrillation (Vf) in July 2007. As a result she was taken to our hospital by ambulance. Emergency coronary angiography demonstrated an anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (Bland-White-Garland Syndrome). She therefore underwent surgery. During the operation, the main pulmonary artery (PA) was transected while on the cardiopulmonary bypass and the left main coronary trunk (LMT) ostium was detected. Antegrade cold blood cardioplegia was induced, and retrograde continuous cold blood cardioplegia was subsequently applied to the coronary sinus, thus obtaining a complete cardiac standstill. The LMT ostium was excised with a cuff of the main PA wall as a button. During further dissection of the LMT distally to the bifurcation, the LMT wall was injured, thus resulting in the need to repair it under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) in order to obtain a bloodless surgical field. During core cooling, the LMT was anastomosed to the left posterolateral wall of the ascending aorta, then the LMT was repaired with a patch consisting of a non-treated autologous saphenous vein (SV) under DHCA. Several surgical techniques for BWG syndrome have been reported. Among these techniques, the direct implantation of the left coronary artery to the ascending aorta is the most physiological and therefore is considered to be the best technique. In this case, direct implantation was accomplished, however, the LMT also had to be repaired.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 37: 240-243 (2008)