Reoperation for Valvular Surgery and Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Repair with Functioning IMA Grafts after Previous CABG

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Tokyo Womenfs Medical University, Tokyo, Japan)

Naruhito Watanabe Satoshi Saito Hideyuki Tomioka
Kenji Yamazaki Akihiko Kawai Shigeyuki Aomi
Hiromi Kurosawa
The use of the internal mammary artery (IMA) is now routine in most coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) because of its improved long-term patency and survival. A small but important percentage of these patients will require valve surgery and thoracic aortic aneurysm repair following CABG. These operations present a challenging problem for the cardiac surgeon because of difficulties regarding approach, dissection around the IMA and optimal myocardial protection. We investigated surgical results and the effectiveness of various methods of myocardial protection in 8 patients who underwent reoperations between December 1983 and June 2005. The mortality was 13%. There were 2 perioperative myocardial infarctions (25%), 6 cases of prolonged ventilation (75%), 3 cases of low output syndrome (38%), 1 case of acute renal failure (13%) and 1 case of sepsis (13%). We carried out resternotomy for 6 patients without any hospital death or perioperative myocardial infarction. Our reoperation approach had acceptable risk control with resternotomy, avoidance of dissecting the IMA and hypothermic perfusion.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 36: 65-67 (2007)