A Case of Mycotic Aneurysm of the Pulmonary Artery with Pulmonary Artery Fistula following Pulmonary Artery Banding

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan)

Yoshihiro Ko Kiyozo Morita Yoko Matsumura
Katsushi Kinouchi Ken Nakamura Kazuhiro Hashimoto
A 9-month-old boy who had been given a diagnosis of double outlet right ventricle (DORV), partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR), ventricular septal defect (VSD), pulmonary hypertension (PH) and polysplenia with azygos connection, underwent pulmonary artery banding at the age of 6 months. At 2 months after surgery, a chest computed tomogram revealed a main pulmonary artery aneurysm and a main pulmonary artery-right pulmonary artery fistula caused by bacterial endocarditis due to a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis. We performed pulmonary arterioplasty and re-pulmonary artery banding for acute aggravation of cardiac insufficiency and obtained good results. This is an extremely rare case that was treated infectious pulmonary artery aneurysm and fistula after pulmonary artery banding.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 35: 292-294 (2006)