Validity of Emergency Thoracic Aortic Surgery in Octogenarians

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Chiba Cardiovascular Center, Ichihara, Japan)

Masaki Yamamoto Hirokazu Murayama Hiroyuki Kito
Kozo Matsuo Naoki Hayashida Soichi Asano
Masao Hirano Katsuhiko Tatsuno
Between January 1994 and October 2004, 87 patients underwent emergency thoracic aortic surgery. Of these, 11 patients were more than 80 years old (O-group) and 76 were less than 80 years old (Y-group). A total of 58 patients (6 in O-group and 52 in Y-group) were treated for acute type-A aortic dissection, 5 (0 in O-group and 5 in Y-group) for acute type-B aortic dissection and 21 (4 in O-group and 17 in Y-group) for the involved rupture of a thoracic aortic aneurysm. The operative procedures consisted of the replacement of either the ascending, or the ascending and transverse aorta in 71 patients (8 in O-group and 63 in Y-group), and the replacement of the distal descending aorta in 15 patients (3 in O-group and 12 in Y-group). The operative mortality rates were 27.2% (3 patients) and 19.7% (15 patients) in the O- and Y-groups, respectively, with no significant difference between the groups. The rate of early complications, including circulatory failure, respiratory failure and cerebral infarction, did not statistically differ between the 2 groups. The overall 2-year survival rates of the patients who survived the operation were 83.3% in the O-group and 95.1% in the Y-group. Moreorer, 75% of the patients (6 of 8) who survived the surgery regained normal activities of daily life after the surgery, at a level similar to before the surgery. The present data indicates that emergency thoracic aortic surgery can be justified in selected in octogenarian patients.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 35: 255-260 (2006)