Prevention of Homologous Blood Transfusion by Intraoperative Predonation on Valvular Surgery without Preoperative Autologous Donation

(Division of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan)

Koichi Sato Masakazu Sogawa Osamu Namura
Chizuo Kikuchi Manabu Isoda Junzo Watanabe
Takeshi Okamoto Takehito Mishima Jun-ichi Hayashi
Though preoperative autologous donation is not acceptable for all cases partly because some are preoperatively in a severe condition, intraoperative predonation is possible in almost all cases. We retrospectively evaluated the major factors related to the prevention of homologous blood transfusion by intraoperative predonation in 25 cases following valvular surgery without preoperative autologous donation. Homologous blood was not transfused in 18 cases oGroup-(|)p but in 7 cases only after CPB oGroup-({)p. The male/female ratio, type of operation, body weight, CPB dilution, CPB duration, and perioperative change in hematocrit were comparable in the 2 groups. However, the autologous blood pooled before CPB in Group-(|) was significantly more than in Group-({)i11.3}2.5 vs 7.3}1.8ml/kg, p0.001). In conclusion, homologous blood transfusion may be prevented by appropriate intraoperative predonation during surgery for valvular disease.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 35: 1-4 (2006)