Comparison of Early and Midterm Result of Endovascular Aneurysm Repair and Open Repair in the Treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

(Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima, Japan)

Yoshifumi Iguro Hiroyuki Yamamoto Kenichi Arata
Akira Kobayashi Masahiro Ueno Kouji Tao
Syouichi Suehiro Ryuzo Sakata
To evaluate a comparison for endovascular repair (EVAR) versus open repair (OR) for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Data of all patients with infrarenal AAA treated electively, both with OR (107 cases) and EVAR (24cases), at our institute between January 1999 and March 2004 were retrospectively reviewed. No difference was found between the 2 groups for sex, age, and AAA size. Cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (20.8% vs 6.5%, p0.04) and frequencies of laparotomy (25% vs 2.8%, p0.001) were significantly more in the EVAR group than the OR group. In the initial results, deployment of the stent grafts was successful in all cases and complete thrombosis of the aneurysm was achieved in 21 cases (87.5%). One graft occlusion and a wound infection occurred in the EVAR group. OR was successfully performed in all cases. These were 6 cases of paralytic ileus, 1 of re-operation for hemorrhage, 1 of respiratory failure, and 1 of ischemic colitis in the OR group. One hospital death occurred in each group. Mean blood transfusion (0ml vs 238}345ml) and operation time (131}53min vs 250}76min) were significantly less in the EVAR group than the OR group. In the long term results, the cumulative survival rate was 88.0}6.5% at 1 and 2 years, 80.6}9.2% at 3 years in the EVAR group; 99.0}0.9% at 1 year, 94.1}2.6% at 2 years, 87.7}3.9% at 3 years in the OR group, with no difference between the 2 groups regarding survival rate. Four new endoleak and 3 graft infections were encountered in the EVAR group. Freedom from stent graft-related complications was 81.3}8.5% at 1 year, 61.4}11.9% at 2 years, 47.8}12.6% at 3 years in the EVAR group, but 100% at 1, 2 and 3 years in the OR group. Freedom from procedure-related complications in the EVAR group was significantly lower than that in OR group. In the long term results, EVAR was associated with more procedure-related complications. This finding may justify reappraisal of currently accepted EVAR for AAA management strategies.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 34: 395-400 (2005)