A Case of the Senning Procedure in a Patient with Transposition of the Great Arteries with Intact Ventricular Septum and Bicuspid Pulmonary Valvular Stenosis Associated with Pulmonary Hypertension

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Tokyo Womenfs Medical University, Tokyo, Japan)

Takashi Miura Toshiharu Shinfoka Takahiko Sakamoto
Yukihisa Isomatsu Yusuke Iwata Masayoshi Nagatsu
Hiromi Kurosawa
We performed the Senning operation and pulmonary valvotomy in an 11-month-old baby with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) with an intact ventricular septum (IVS), and bicuspid pulmonary valvular stenosis associated with pulmonary hypertension (PH). Preoperative catheterization showed a pressure gradient (PG) between the left ventricle (LV) and main pulmonary artery (MPA) of 35mmHg, mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP) of 56mmHg, and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) of 11.2 unit¥m2. The pure oxygen inhalation test showed a decrease in MPAP from 56 to 38mmHg, and a decrease in PVR from 11.2 to 5.5 unit¥m2. We could not perform lung biopsy to determine the surgical indications in terms of PH due to preoperative progressive congestive heart failure in this patient. Postoperative catheterization (28 days after the Senning operation) showed a decrease in PG between the LV and MPA to 8 mmHg, and MPAP also decreased to 17 mmHg. Two radical operations were possible in this patient. One was the arterial switch operation (ASO), and the other was the atrial switch operation, i.e. the Senning or the Mustard operation. We selected the Senning operation because there was the possibility that the new aortic valve might develop persistent stenosis and regurgitation after ASO and pulmonary valvotomy. The Senning operation may be an alternative in selected patients with TGA with IVS and pulmonary valvular stenosis.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 34: 354-358 (2005)