Long-Term Results of Open Heart Surgery in Hemodialysis Patients―CABG vs. Valve Replacement―

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Japan)

Mitsuhiro Yamamura Yuji Miyamoto Hideki Yao
Sukemasa Mukai Hiroe Tanaka Masaaki Ryomoto
Yoshiteru Yoshioka Masanori Kaji
We evaluated 30 patients who required hemodialysis (HD) before open heart surgery between January 1990 and September 2003. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to surgical procedure: 20 patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG group: 14 men and 6 women, mean age, 63 years), and 10 patients underwent valve replacement (VR group: 6 men and 4 women, mean age, 56 years). The mean duration of HD in the CABG group was significantly shorter than that in the VR group (67 months:121 months, p=0.02). The actual survival rate was calculated by Kaplan-Meier's method. No patient was lost to follow-up. There were 3 hospital deaths in the CABG group (cerebral infarction, arrhythmia, and mediastinitis), and 2 hospital deaths in the VR group (gangrenous cholecystitis and sepsis). There were also 5 late deaths in the CABG group (acute subdural hematoma, pneumonia, AMI, heart failure and gastric cancer) and 4 deaths in the VR group (uterus cancer, 2 intracerebral hemorrhages and PVE). All cardiac event deaths in the CABG group had undergone CABG only with vein grafts. The 4-year actuarial survival rates were 56% (n=5) in the CABG group with a mean follow-up period of 29 months (max 156 months), and 47% (n=3) in the VR group with a mean follow-up period of 35 months (max 131 months). There are 3 points to improve the prognosis of open heart surgery in hemodialysis patients: control of postoperative infection in both groups, prevention of cardiac events in the CABG group and careful anticoagulation therapy in the VR group.
 Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 34: 9-13 (2005)