Spontaneous Rupture of the Abdominal Aorta in a Young Adolescent

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery and Emergency and Critical Care Medical Center*, Niigata City General Hospital, Niigata, Japan)

Yuko Tosaka Hiroshi Kanazawa Yoshiki Takahashi
Satoshi Nakazawa Yoshihiko Yamazaki*
We describe a young adolescent patient with spontaneous abdominal aortic rupture who was treated successfully. A 14-year-old boy was admitted to our hospital with severe abdominal pain and hypovolemic shock, without any episode of trauma. Computed tomography (CT) revealed massive hematoma in the retroperitoneal space and extravasation of copious amounts of contrast medium in front of the terminal aorta. Neither aortic aneurysm nor dissection was observed in this CT. An emergency operation was carried out. At first, left thoracotomy and clamping of the thoracic descending aorta were performed in order to reduce the aortic bleeding. Midline laparotomy revealed an aortic perforation of approximately 8mm at the bifurcation of the abdominal aorta. The aortic wall surrounding the perforation was nearly normal without any aortic aneurysm or dissection. A segment of the terminal aorta (length, 3cm) including the perforated lesion was excised and reconstruction was performed with a woven Dacron tube graft (10mm in diameter). On microscopic examination, the marginal tissue near the perforation showed diminished elastic fibers and minimal dissection of the medial layer of the aortic wall; however, no cystic medial necrosis or inflammation was seen.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 33: 57 -60 (2004)