Two Cases of Stent-Grafting for Ruptured Aneurysms

(First Department of Surgery, Hirosaki University School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Japan)

Ikkoh Ichinoseki Kazuo Itoh Mamoru Munakata
Masayuki Koyama Yasuyuki Suzuki Kozo Fukui
Shunichi Takaya Ikuo Fukuda
In cases of stent-grafting for ruptured aneurysm, endoleak is a serious problem. We report 2 cases of ruptured aneurysms that were treated with endovascular stent-graft placement. Case 1: A 79-year-old woman had a ruptured thoracic aortic aneurysm that was treated with endovascular stent-grafting from the distal arch to the descending aorta. Although her intra-operative course was uneventful, she died suddenly the day after operation. Autopsy revealed re-rupture of the aneurysm due to endoleak from the proximal site. Case 2: An 84-year-old woman was treated with endovascular stent-grafting for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. The stent-graft was inserted from the infra-renal abdominal aorta to the right common iliac artery with femoro-femoral crossover bypass placement. There was evidence of type II endoleak that occurred via the left internal iliac artery(IIA)and inferior mesenteric artery(IMA)16 days after surgery. A CT scan performed 6 months after surgery revealed an increase in aneurysm size and persistent type II endoleak. Both embolization of the aneurysmal sac through the IMA and surgical ligation of the IMA failed, and endoleak from the IMA persisted. Re-rupture of the aneurysm occurred 10 months after initial surgery and emergency open surgery was performed. In stent-grafting for ruptured aneurysms, only the thrombus outside the graft resists the pressure caused by the endoleak. We conclude that endoleak after stent-grafting for ruptured aneurysm should be treated completely as soon as possible because of the risk of re-rupture.
 Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 33: 34 -37 (2004)