An Alternative to Total Arch Replacement for Type A Aortic Dissection

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Nobeoka Prefectural Hospital, Nobeoka, Japan and Second Department of Surgery, Miyazaki Medical College*, Miyazaki, Japan)

Kouji Furukawa Masachika Kuwabara Eisaku Nakamura
Masakazu Matsuyama Toshio Onitsuka*
The total arch replacement protocol using the open-style stent-graft placement is frequently performed for type A aortic dissection to obtain complete closure of entry sites. However the open-style stent-graft placement must be carefully planned when the entry site is in the descending aorta and extends beyond the level of the tracheal bifurcation, because spinal cord ischemia can be caused due to occlusion of lower thoracic intercostal arteries. We report an alternative to total arch replacement for type A aortic dissection with entry in the ascending aorta and aneurysmal re-entry in the descending aorta, beyond the level of the tracheal bifurcation. We inserted a guide-wire from the dissected area of the aortic arch towards the normal region beyond the re-entry in the descending aorta, with confirmation by direct ultrasonography and already incised half, introduced a graft into the descending aorta using the wire as a guide and performed anastomosis at the level of the transverse aortotomy in the inclusion method. This operation has the advantage of preventing spinal cord ischemia because the re-entry site in the descending aorta is confirmed by direct ultrasonography and the distal anastomosis does not reach the lower thoracic intercostal arteries. In this method, by which the prosthesis is introduced through the descending aorta and anastomosed in the inclusion method, is not needed troublesome treatment in the descending aorta and less invasive than conventional single-stage total arch replacement and applicable with the great safe for aortic dissection that had shown difficulty in application of open-style stent-graft placement.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 33: 30 -33 (2004)