Late Aortic Root Redissection Following Surgical Repair for Acute Aortic Dissection Using Gelatin-Resorcin-Formalin Glue: Report of 2 Cases

(Department of Surgery, Division of Clinical Medical Science, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan)

Yuji Sugawara Katsuhiko Imai Kazuhiro Kochi
Kenji Okada Kazumasa Orihashi Taijiro Sueda
Gelatin-resorcin-formalin (GRF) glue has been generally applied in the surgical treatment of acute aortic dissection. Recently, midterm or late redissection and false anastomotic aneurysm following the use of this adhesive have been reported in several articles and the toxicity of its component has been suggested to be involved in this complication. We herein report 2 cases of aortic root redissection a few years after the initial surgery for type A acute aortic dissection. In another hospital, a 57-year-old man had undergone total arch replacement for acute dissection in which the proximal end was repaired using GRF glue. The aortic root was revealed to be redissected by computed tomography (CT) 2 years after the intervention and continued to enlarge since then. This aortic complication was treated by composite graft replacement. The intraoperative findings of marked degeneration in dissected root tissue were impressive. The other patient was a 71-year-old man. He had undergone prosthetic replacement of the ascending aorta associated with aortic valve resuspension using GRF glue for acute dissection. Three years later, symptoms of cardiac failure due to aortic regurgitation (AR) occurred and necessitated surgical correction. The AR was due to the redissection of the non-coronary cusp sinus. Repair of the coronary sinus and aortic valve replacement was performed. The postoperative course was uneventful in both cases. Other papers have cautioned that this tissue adhesive should not be used in aortic valve resuspension. Intensive long-term follow-up is required for aortic dissection patients surgically treated using this glue.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 33: 22 -25 (2004)