A Case of Traumatic Injury to the Thoracic Descending Aorta Complicated with Intracerebral Hemorrhage

(Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Funabashi Municipal Medical Center, Funabashi, Japan)

Hirofumi Nishida Yoshiharu Takahara Kenji Mogi
Manabu Sakurai
A semicomatose 53-year-old woman who had been injured in an automobile accident was admitted. Injury to the thoracic descending aorta was suspected because of widening of the upper mediastinum on a chest X-ray film and confirmed by chest contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT). We postponed surgical treatment because brain CT showed traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage. She was maintained in an intensive care unit and had pharmacological treatment and medical support. Two days later, brain CT showed that the intracerebral hematoma was a stable and inactive lesion, so she underwent aortic repair 3days after the accident. Left thoracotomy was performed and an artificial vascular prosthesis was interposed under hypothermic circulatory arrest (open proximal method). The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged 44 days after the operation. Hypothermic circulatory arrest may be a valuable adjunct for traumatic injury of the thoracic aorta at risk for impending rupture.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 32: 374 -377 (2003)