Axillary Artery Perfusion in Arteriosclerotic Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm

Tetsuro Uchida Takashi Minowa Jun Hosaka
Masataka Koshika Kiyoshige Inui Takao Watanabe
Yasuhisa Shimazaki

(Second Department of Surgery, Yamagata University School of Medicine, Yamagata, Japan)

Between 1996 to 2000, 12 patients with arteriosclerotic thoracic aortic aneurysm underwent surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass using the right axillary artery as an arterial inflow. All patients received total arch replacement with selective cerebral perfusion and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. One patient with occlusion of the left carotid artery died of postoperative stroke. There were no postoperative complications or deaths related to axillary artery perfusion except for cerebrovascular accidents. Perfusion through the axillary artery, providing antegrade aortic flow, is a safe and effective procedure to avoid stroke owing to retrograde arterial perfusion. We believe that the axillary artery could be an alternative to conventional femoral artery cannulation in the setting of aortic arch operations.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 31F266-268(2002)