A Case of Mitral Valve Replacemernt in a Patient with Severe Mechanical Hemolytic Anemia after Mitral Valve Repair

Yasuhisa Fukada Hidetoshi Aoki Jun'ichi Oba
Toshihito Yoshida Ko Takigami Masamichi Itoh
Yutaka Wakamatsu Keishu Yasuda*

(Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Asahikawa City Hospital, Asahikawa, Japan and Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Hokkaido University*, Sapporo, Japan)

A 60-year-old man, who had undergone mitral valve repair with quadrangular resection of the posterior mitral leaflet and ring annuloplasty with a Cosgrove-Edwards ring, developed severe mechanical hemolytic anemia. Doppler echocardiography showed only mild residual mitral regurgitation, but turbulent jet was directed toward the annuloplasty ring. Because of unremitting hemolysis requiring multiple transfusions and the occurrence of renal dysfunction, he underwent replacement of the mitral valve with a St.Jude Medical valve. Inspection of the annuloplasty ring at operation showed no evidence of dehiscence, but the area of the annuloplasty ring adjacent to the posteromedial commissure showed no endothelization. After the reoperation, the hemolysis and general condition immediately improved. This experience made us realize the possibility that a high-velocity regurgitant jet toward the cloth-covered annuloplasty ring, even if it mild, can cause severe hemolysis.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 31: 239-241 (2002)