Surgical Strategy for Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, The Heart Institute of Japan, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan)

Hiroshi Furukawa Shigeyuki Aomi Yasutaka Ueno
Satoshi Noji Kazuhiko Uwabe Shinichiro Kihara
Hisao Kurihara Akihiko Kawai Hiroshi Nishida
Masahiro Endo Hitoshi Koyanagi
We evaluated the surgical strategy for thoracic aortic aneurysm associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm. From January 1982 to March 1999, 24 consecutive patients underwent surgical treatment for thoracic aortic aneurysm with abdominal aortic aneurysm. Staged operation was performed if one was only slightly dilated, but extensive operation was needed if the size of both aneurysms was greater than 6cm. In cases of thoracic aortic aneurysm with abdominal aortic aneurysm up to 4cm in size, surgical treatment was performed only for the thoracic aortic aneurysm. Circulatory support during operation was established from the ascending aorta, and circulatory arrest with deep hypothermia and retrograde cerebral perfusion were used for brain protection during surgery for thoracic aortic arch aneurysm. Hospital mortality was 12.5% (3/24 cases). The causes of death were cerebral infarction and respiratory failure. Antegrade systemic perfusion and aortic no-touch technique were an effective method of surgery for thoracic aortic aneurysm with abdominal aortic aneurysm to avoid perioperative embolism and major complications. We successfully performed staged operation, but regular radiographic follow-up was needed.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 30: 285-289 (2001)