Early and Mid-Term Survival and Quality of Life after Thoracic Aortic Surgery in Patients Aged 70 Years and Older

iDepartment of Cardiovascular Surgery and The Department of Clinical Study, National Kyushu Medical Center Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan)

Isao Komesu Kouichi Arinaga Atuhiro Nakashima
Yoshihiro Toshima Satoshi Kimura Kenji Ishihara
Yoshito Kawachi
The early and mid-term survival after thoracic aortic surgery and the influence of age on operative mortality were examined in 93 consecutive patients from August 1994 to June 1999, together with assessment of postoperative quality of life (QOL). The mean age was 63.8}11.6 years old (range 26 to 84 years) and 65 patients were male. Aneurysms were atherosclerotic in 43 patients and aortic dissection was present in 50. Forty-eight (52%) required emergency operation. Operative procedures consisted of ascending aorta or hemiarch replacement in 23 patients, Bentall's operation was performed in 4, total arch replacement in 31, distal arch replacement in 9Cdescending aorta replacement in 13, replacement of the thoracoabdominal aorta in 6, and patch repair in 7. These patients were divided into two groups: the under 70 group (Y group, n61) and the 70 or older group (O group, n32). Current QOL of the survivors was assessed using the Asanoi method with a mailed questionnaire. There were 13 early deaths (14%). There were 10 late deaths (5.6%/P-YiPatients-Yearsj). The actuarial survival rate of the Y group was significantly higher than that of the O group (p0.0412). Perioperative stroke was seen in 11% of the Y group and 16 % of the O group. These patients had a high mortality rate (Y group 43 %, O group 100 %) during early and long term follow-up periods. The postoperative NYHA category and exercise ability of the O group were better than those of the Y group. We obtained satisfactory answers concerning the results of operation in the majority of current survivors. Patients aged 70 years and older could undergo thoracic aortic surgery with reasonable risk. QOL following operation was satisfactory except in patients with merged perioperative stroke.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 30: 177-181 (2001)