Partial Left Ventriculectomy (Batista procedure) and Its Perioperative Management

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Hiroshima General Hospital, Hatsukaichi, Japan)

Shogo Mukai Yasushi Kawaue Tatsuya Nakao
This report describes the surgical technique for partial left ventriculectomy (PLV) and perioperative management. We have performed PLV to treat end-stage non-ischemic cardiomyopathy in 6 patients (4 men and 2 women, mean age: 59 years) since February 1998. Preoperative New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class was III or more in all patients. On echocardiography, the mean left ventricular diastolic dimension was 75mm, and the mean ejection fraction was 29%. One patient was operated on with cardiogenic shock, and 5 were elective cases. A wedge of the left ventricular muscle was removed from the apex to the base of the two papillary muscles. Associated surgical procedures were as follows; mitral valve reconstruction in 5 patients (4 replacements and 1 annuloplasty), tricuspid annuloplasty in three, and aortic valve replacement in one. Five elective patients were successfully weaned from cardiopulmonary bypass, but one emergency surgery case required intraaortic balloon pumping. Two patients died in the hospital: one elective case was due to multiple organ failure, and one emergency case due to low output syndrome. Three of 4 survivors returned to NYHA functional class I-II, and 1 remained in class III. We are very cautious to ensure that extended PLV does not to lead to serious diastolic dysfunction. The complete reconstruction of the mitral valve and the preservation of annular-chordal-papillary muscle continuity result in the maintenance of left ventricular function and geometry. The practical principles in the post-PLV period are to maintain adequate preload and to avoid excessive afterload. Further studies are required to further enhance outcome.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 30: 171-176 (2001)