Quadruple, Quintuple and Sextuple Bypass with Exclusive Use of In Situ Arterial Conduits in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, The Heart Institute of Japan, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan)

Toru Ishida Hiroshi Nishida Yasuko Tomizawa
Sakashi Noji Hideyuki Tomioka Atsushi Morishita
Masahiro Endo Hitoshi Koyanagi
Although sequential bypass with in situ arterial conduits (the left and right internal thoracic arteries; LITA and RITA, the right gastroepiploic artery; GEA) in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is technically demanding, it is one of the most important procedures using a limited number of in situ arterial conduits to revascularize a wide area. In this report, we retrospectively investigated the clinical outcome of CABG with 4 or more distal anastomoses using only in situ arterial conduits. From December 1990 to May 1999,62 patients underwent CABG with in situ arterial conduits, with at least one sequential bypass. There were 59 men and 3 women patients with mean age of 59.6 years (41 to 82 years). Mean postoperative follow-up period was 32 months (1 to 101 months). The total number of distal anastomoses was 4 (1 sequential bypass) in 54 patients, 4 (2 sequential bypasses) in 6 patients, 5 (1 sequential bypass) in 1 patient and 6 (3 sequential bypasses) in 1 patient. There were 5 emergency operations (8%), 37 patients (60%) had a history of myocardial infarction, 30 patients (48%) had diabetes mellitus and 6 patients (10%) had chronic renal failure and were on hemodialysis. Left ventricular ejection fraction was 40% or less in 15 patients (24%). There were no early deaths. Angiographic patency was satisfactory for each graft (sequential: individual, LITA 96.7%: 100%, RITA 100%: 100%, GEA 89.5%: 97.4%). Patency of a distal anastomosis of GEA was rather poorer than that of proximal (p0.03). Three patients died during the follow-up period (all of them due to malignancy). The 5-year actuarial survival and cardiac event-free rate was 94.6% and 87.2%, respectively. In conclusion, although an indication of GEA sequential grafting needs further study, in situ arterial grafting with at least one sequential arterial conduit was associated with excellent results and achieved more complete revascularization with exclusive use of in situ arterial conduits in patients with diffuse coronary artery disease.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 30: 11-14i2001)