The Early Results of MIDCAB

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Fukuoka University School of Medicine, Fukuoka, Japan)

Hidehiko Iwahashi Tadashi Tashiro Katsuhiko Nakamura
Ryuji Zaitsu Tadashi Motomura Akio Iwakuma
Masanao Nakamura Akira Murai Takashi Yamada
Michio Kimura
We herein review the early results of minimally invasive coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB). From April 1994 to November 1998, 23 patients underwent MIDCAB, and 12 patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass (CABG). We compared and analyzed the findings of these two groups. Regarding preoperative factors, the MIDCAB group included elderly patients, while the CABG group consisted of younger patients. However, the frequency of hemodialysis, respiratory disorders and cerebral vascular accidents did not differ significantly between the 2 groups. Regarding perioperative factors, the MIDCAB group needed a shorter operation time, and also had a lower bleeding volume, and a low incidence of blood transfusion. Regarding the postoperative course, the MIDCAB group needed a shorter artificial respiration time, and a shorter postoperative hospital stay, and no mortality was observed. The graft patency of the MIDCAB group was lower (88%) than the CABG group (100%). However, the graft patency of the MIDCAB group reached 94% after we used a stabilizer in the operation. In conclusion, the operation results of the MIDCAB group were comparatively better than those of the CABG group. Thanks to recent technological advances, the results of MIDCAB continue to improve. Though MIDCAB remains an invaluable operative modality for the treatment of one-vessel disease, surgeons must be careful to select appropriate candidates for this operative method.@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 29: 309-314 (2000)