Successful Surgical Correction for an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Two Elderly Patients Aged over 90

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Saga Prefectural Hospital, Koseikan, Saga, Japan and Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Saga Medical School*, Saga, Japan)

Hiroyuki Ohnishi Hitoshi Ohteki Kojiro Furukawa
Yuji Takeda Kazuyoshi Doi*
Surgical treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms in elderly patients aged over 90 is rare, and the surgical indications in such patients is controversial. Two cases of abdominal aortic aneurysm successfully treated surgically are reported. The first case was a 92-year-old woman, who manifested a severe abdominal pain without hypotension. An impending rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm was suggested on enhanced CT scan, and emergency surgery was indicated. The aneurysm was replaced with a woven Dacron Y-graft. Postoperatively, the patient's social activity returned to the preoperative level. The second case was a 91-year-old man, in whom an increasing abdominal aortic aneurysm had been pointed out on UCG and enhanced CT scan. Because he was socially very active for his age, elective surgery was indicated. The aneurysm was resected and replaced with a woven Dacron I-graft. Postoperatively, the patient overcame a respiratory complication and was eventually discharged without any physical complication. Although he was able to climb mountains before the surgery, he lost some physical activity after the surgery. Because of the potential decrease in physical strength especially in very elderly patients, the general risk evaluation did not always correspond to a precise evaluation and prediction of postoperative activity. It is therefore necessary to be flexible in deciding on the surgical indications in each case.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 29: 286-289 (2000)