Stroke after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Japanese Red Cross Society, Wakayama Medical Center, Wakayama, Japan)

Kenji Minakata, Yutaka Konishi Masahiko Matsumoto
Michihito Nonaka Narihisa Yamada
Risk factors for stroke after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were assessed. We retrospectively investigated 681 consecutive patients who underwent isolated, first-time CABG at our institute between 1987 and 1998. Ninety-eight patients (14%) had a history of preoperative stroke. They tended to be older and with a higher incidence of peripheral vascular disease (PVD) than those without preoperative stroke. In spite of several techniques for prevention of postoperative stroke, such as the aortic non-touch technique, 14 patients (2.0%) suffered postoperative stroke. Postoperative stroke was diagnosed soon after surgery in 7 patients (50%), and the causes of stroke in these patients seemed to be intraoperative manipulation of the ascending aorta in 5, and hypoperfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass in two. Stroke in the remaining 7 patients occurred after normal awakening from anesthesia, and the cause was unknown. We then compared the patients with postoperative stroke (n=14) to those without postoperative stroke (n=667). Statistical analysis demonstrated no significant difference between the two groups in variables such as history of preoperative stroke, duration of cardiopulmonary bypass, and prevalence of PVD. Four (29%) of the patients with postoperative stroke died, due mainly to aspiration pneumonia. The morbidity and mortality of the patients who suffered postoperative stroke were very high.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 29: 139-143 (2000)