A Case of Aortitis Syndrome Associated with Occlusion of All Arch Branches and Atypical Aortic Coarctation

(First Department of Surgery, Hiroshima University, School of Medicine, Hiroshima, Japan)

Yuji Sugawara Taijiro Sueda Hiroo Shikata
Kazumasa Orihashi Masanobu Watari Kenji Okada
Yuichiro Matsuura
A 61-year-old man was admitted with acute cardiac failure associated with atypical aortic coarctation and severe left ventricular hypertrophy. Angiography and MRI showed that all branches from the aortic arch were occluded, and that cerebral circulation was supplied via collateral flow from small aortic branches either proximal or distal to the coarctation and by the right vertebral artery receiving retrograde flow from the right internal thoracic and right thoracodorsal arteries. Cerebral CT revealed massive cerebral infarction in the perfusion area of the right mid-cerebral artery. Aortitis syndrome was diagnosed from these findings, and ascending-abdominal aortic bypass grafting with aorto-right subclavian bypass was performed after successful conservative treatment for cardiac failure. Because of remarkable increase in the aortic blood pressure on partial clamping of the ascending aorta, proximal aortic anastomosis was performed under extracorporeal circulation. Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) was used to monitor the intraoperative cerebral circulation. The perfusion flow rate was maintained in order not to reduce the regional brain oxygen saturation below the critical level. No cerebral complication was encountered postoperatively. Cases of aortitis syndrome with occlusion of all arch branches are rare. NIRS was suggested to be useful to evaluate cerebral circulation during operation in such cases in which cerebral blood flow can be severely affected.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 29: 114-117 (2000)