Usefulness of Percutaneous Phrenic Nerve Stimulation for Assessing Phrenic Nerve Injury after Pediatric Cardiac Surgery

(Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan and Children's Hospital and Medical Center, Hokkaido, Japan)

Yoshikazu Hachiro Seiya Kikuchi Masayoshi Ito
Takeshi Kobayashi Kazuhiro Takahashi Toshihisa Matsui
Tomio Abe Shinji Sato
Six (1.2%) of 501 patients sustained phrenic nerve injury during operation for congenital heart disease at our institutions between 1992 and 1998. The diagnosis was confirmed by percutaneous stimulation of the phrenic nerve. All but 1 patient were less than 9 months old, and the average weight was 3.6kg. All 6 patients underwent diaphragmatic plication and were extubated by 7 days after operation. Percutaneous stimulation of the phrenic nerve allowed direct assessment of phrenic nerve function which was difficult to detect by clinical and radiological evidence. This method can be non-invasively used at the bedside to facilitate early and accurate diagnosis of phrenic nerve palsy.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 29F1-4(2000)