Brief Report

Measurement of maximal muscle contraction force induced by high-frequency magnetic stimulation: a preliminary study on the identification of the optimal stimulation site

Akio Tsubahara, MD, DMSc, Masanori Kamiue, PT, MS, Tomotaka Ito, PT, PhD, Tomoya Kishimoto, PT, PhD, Chiharu Kurozumi, OT, PhD
Jpn J Compr Rehabil Sci 12: 27-31, 2021

Purpose: To identify the optimal stimulation site and technique for inducing strong muscle contraction using a high-frequency magnetic stimulator.
Methods: High-frequency magnetic stimulation was administered to the right vastus lateralis (VL) of eight healthy adults at maximal intensity within the range of tolerable pain. The stimulation sites were as follows: section A, the area between the lateral edge of the base of the patella (LEBP) and the distal one-third of the thigh (point D); section B, the area between point D and the proximal one-third of the thigh (point P). Isometric maximal muscle contraction forces induced by magnetic stimulation (Stim-MCF) were compared between the two sections.
Results: The Stim-MCF was significantly higher in section B than in section A. Additionally, the sites susceptible to stimulation were confined to a narrow area near point D in section A and the central part between points D and P in section B. The degree of pain was very low in both sections.
Conclusion: The optimal site for magnetic stimulation of the VL was limited to the central part of the thigh. In addition to the superficial proximal sub-branch, the deep proximal sub-branch and/or deeply clustered motor nerve endings may have been stimulated. Our results suggested that moving the probe was a useful way to identify the site that elicited the strongest muscle contraction force.

Key words: high-frequency magnetic stimulation, muscle contraction force, strengthening, quadriceps femoris, motor points

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