Original Article

Influence of rehabilitation combined with art devices on the number of sit-to-stand movements and resulting psychological effects

Hiroyuki Miyasaka, OTR, PhD, Kiyomi Yoshioka, PhD, Kenji Kawakami, RPT, MS, Yusuke Tonogai, RPT, Yuichi Hioki, RPT, Miyu Ogawa, RPT, Eri Kurotani, RPT, Genichi Tanino, RPT, PhD, Sayaka Okamoto, MD, PhD, Shigeru Sonoda, MD, PhD
Jpn J Compr Rehabil Sci 10: 65-70, 2019

Objective: To examine the effectiveness of art devices for lower limb exercises.
Methods: Patients admitted to comprehensive inpatient rehabilitation wards were assigned to either the art device (AD) group (11 patients) or the control group (17 patients) by randomized control trial (RCT) design. Sit-to-stand training was performed with a head mounted display (HMD) in the AD group and without the HMD in the control group. The training period was 10 min/day, 5 days/week for 2 weeks. The number of sit-to-stand movements was evaluated and a questionnaire about the device (feelings of pleasure and satisfaction graded on 7 levels) was administered.
Results: The number of sit-to-stand movements in the AD group significantly increased after 2 weeks (p < 0.05). However, the increase in the number of sit-tostand movements was not significantly different between the two groups. The questionnaire regarding feeling of pleasure showed significantly improved results in the AD group during the first day of the trial; however, the improvement was not maintained until the last day of the training (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: The combination of rehabilitation and art devices may improve the initial motivation toward training and lead to an increase in the number of sit-tostand movements.

Key words: virtual reality, art therapy, motivation

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