Original Article

The effect of a mousse diet on mood and food intake in healthy young females

Shingo Konno, MD, PhD, Emi Ishima, NS, Toshiki Kubota, MD, Mayumi Murata, MD, Noriko Kawanami, NS, Maiko Wakasa, NS, Tomonori Sato, DT, Risa Haraki, DT, Yuko Okuyama, PH, Mimi Nishimura, DH, Fumiko Shimizu, PhD, Daiji Yamazaki, DT, Toshiki Fujioka, MD, PhD
Jpn J Compr Rehabil Sci 8: 56-65, 2017

Objective: This study investigated whether a dysphagia diet, such as a mousse diet, caused low diet intake with a deterioration of psychological status.
Methods: Eleven healthy females were divided into two groups: normal and mousse diet. Subjects ate these diets three times a day for three consecutive days. The changes over time in diet intake, dietary assessment, appetite, craving for a specific taste, and mood status were compared between the two groups.
Results: At almost all evaluation points, the diet intake and dietary assessment values were higher in the normal diet group than in the mousse diet group. The anger-hostility and fatigue-inertia measures of mood status temporarily differed significantly between the two groups; anger-hostility increased in the mousse diet group, while fatigue-inertia decreased in the normal diet group (p = 0.040, p = 0.041). Positive effectors of diet intake amount were the taste of the diet and a craving for sweet-tasting items before the meals (partial regression coefficients 0.798 and 0.207, p < 0.001 and p = 0.005, respectively), while appetite, mood status, and a craving for other specific tastes before the meals did not have a considerable effect on diet intake.
Conclusions: These results demonstrate that a mousse diet is one of the causes of low diet intake and mood fluctuation.

Key words: deglutition, mousse diet, food intake, Profile of Mood States

Contents (volume 8)