Original Article

Changes in subjective Quality of Life after making a Daruma doll and recreation in elderly patients with dementia

Keiko Tsuchiya, OTR, PhD, Yuri Kanayama, OTR, PhD, Kenichi Ono, OTR, PhD, Kenichi Kobara, RPT, PhD, Tomoshige Koga, PhD
Jpn J Compr Rehabil Sci 6: 71-77, 2015

Objective: As a part of a day-care rehabilitation program, we conducted table work and recreational activities with elderly patients with dementia once a week for 12 weeks. We examined the influence of the differences in the contents and process of the activities on the subjective QOL of the patients.
Methods: We used a modified version of the Affect Rating Scale (ARS) to measure the changes in subjective QOL, before and after performing the task. Subsequently, we compared the rates of each change.
Results: The contents of table work were different in each session. The rate of change in ARS scores was significantly high after the 3rd session of table work using red washi, which was made with traditional methods of Japan, compared with those after the 5th and 6th sessions. The recreational activity was the same throughout the study. The 1st and 2nd trials showed a slight difference, which was lower than that observed in the 3rd to 6th session.
Conclusion: Each activity related to table work may have influenced the rate of change. However, the rate of change in the recreational activity remained the same after it peaked. Thus, the characteristics of each activity influenced the subjective QOL of the elderly patients.

Key words: Elderly patients with dementia, Subjective Quality of Life (QOL), Activities at table, Recreation

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